Republic of Moldova
The national policy for water resources aims to prevent the degradation of water resources at all levels, taking into consideration social and economic changes, national plans and current trends in regions and river basins.
The Water Law No. 272 of 23 December, 2011 and some 20 sub-law regulations supersede the Water Code (1993), and create a legal framework for the management, protection and efficient use of surface water and groundwater. This legal framework is partially harmonized with the EU directives.
The Government also adopted some new Strategies giving orientations and objectives for the water sector (among others): National Development Strategy «Moldova 2020»; New Environmental Strategy for 2014-2023 (April 2014), promoting sustainable development and green economy (Section 2 of the Strategy); New Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) Strategy for 2014-2028.
Moldova is a signatory part of several international conventions and partnerships, relevant for the water sector: partnership and cooperation agreement with EU, Espoo Convention, Helsinki Convention, Protocol on Water and Health, ICPDR Convention, Protocol on Civil Liability, Aarhus Convention, bilateral agreements with Ukraine and Romania etc.
Republic of Moldova, under the EU Association Agreement from 2014, is also committing to the following actions:
Development of provisions of the River Basin Management Authority (Article 3 of Directive 2000/60/EU); should be implemented before July 2019.
Determination of areas of river basins and the creation of mechanisms of international rivers, lakes (Article 3); should be implemented before July 2022.
Analysis of the characteristics of river basin districts (Article 5); should be implemented before July 2022.
Introduction of water quality monitoring programs (Article 8); should be implemented before July 2022.
Preparation of river basin management plans, conduction of a public consultation process and publication of these plans (Article 13 and 14); should be implemented before July 2024.
- Assessment and compliance testing of the RBMP of Danube-Prut and Black Sea District
- Monitoring programme design based on water bodies
- Data flow management for RBM Planning
- System for monitoring of the future implementation of the Programme of Measures of the RBMP of Danube-Prut and Black Sea District
- Develop key pilot actions for Programme of Measures' implementation
- Programme of Measures / Actions refining
- Harmonisation of RBMPlans for the Prut basin between Moldova, Romania and Ukraine in line with ICPDR framework
- Strengthening of stakeholders' involvement mechanisms for participative RBM Planning
- Development and support to implementation of a Communication Strategy
- Methodological support and capacity building on key aspect of EU water related directive implementation, etc.
- Assessment of Danube-Prut and Black Sea RBMP regarding the requirements of the WFD.
- Reviewed and revised monitoring network (sites, parameter, frequency)
- Recommendations report for the development and strengthening of national water database
- Dashboard or other tools (including a list of indicators) for evaluating the programme of measures' implementation progress
- Support the refinement of Danube-Prut and Black Sea RBMP compliant with the WFD.
- Updated and improved national guidelines for RBMPlanning in coherence with the Moldovan context.
- Harmonisation of Prut RBMPs with Ukraine and Romania.
- PoM draft implementation report
- Support for the implementation of selected measures on the Prut basin.
- Sufficient monitoring data available (gap filling) to support the review/update of the existing Danube-Prut and Black Sea RBMP.
- Ecological status classification system developed for all relevant biological quality elements.
- Development of practices and progressive institutionalisation of stakeholder involvement mechanisms for implementation of the EU water-related acquis, IWRM and MEAs
- Methodological and technical support for stakeholder involvement in River Basin Management Planning provided
- Communication strategy in place at basin, national and regional scale to efficiently support IWRM among main interested parties and up to the wide public
- Support implementation of communication activities in line with the strategy (RBC meetings, Awareness raising events, Information materials, Websites, Press-releases, Social media, E-learning, Workshops) at basin, national and regional scale
- Mechanism for sharing information among project partners is developed (e.g. web based EUWIplusEast information exchange platform, online collaboration tools, etc)
- Training on economic instruments, water audit, strategic and mid-term planning conducted, training materials developed
- Training session and coaching on animation technics to conduct consultation workshops organised